Tag: Cloth

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  • Textiles

    A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial fibers often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw wool fibers, linen, cotton, coir, or other material on a spinning wheel to produce long strands …

  • Silk

    Silk is a type of cloth. It is made by spinning the fibers from the silk worm's cocoon. The caterpillars are killed before they emerge and the entire cocoon is unraveled as one continuous thread. The material is strong, soft, and shimmers, refracting …

  • Chiffon

    Chiffon is a lightweight, balanced plain woven sheer fabric which is woven with alternate S- and Z-twist crepe (high-twist) yarns. The twist in the crepe yarns puckers the fabric slightly in both directions after weaving, giving it some stretch and a …

  • Damask

    Damask is a figured fabric of silk, wool, linen or cotton, with a pattern formed by weaving. Made with one warp and one weft in which, generally, warp-satin and weft sateen weaves interchange. Twill or other binding weaves may sometimes be introduced. The …

  • Drill

    Drill is a strong, durable cotton fabric with a strong bias (diagonal) in the weave. It can be used unbleached, although it is more often bleached, or dyed. The lighter weights are used in such clothing items as shirts, blouses, and martial arts wear. …

  • Felt

    Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. Felt can be of any color, and made into any shape or size. Felt is the …

  • Gabardine

    Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make overcoats, trousers and other garments. The fiber used to make the fabric is traditionally wool, spun into a worsted yarn, but it may also be made from cotton. The fabric is smooth on one side and …

  • Houndstooth

    Houndstooth or _houndstooth check_ is a duotone textile pattern, characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes. The traditional houndstooth check is made with alternating bands of four dark and four light threads in both warp and weft …

  • Lace

    Lace is an openwork fabric, patterned with open holes in the work, created through lacemaking. Originally linen, silk, gold, or silver threads are often used. More common lace is often made with cotton thread. A few modern artists in Celanthiral make …

  • Linen

    The term linen refers to yarn and fabric made from flax fibers. The word also refers to lightweight undergarments such as shirts, chemises, waistshirts, lingerie, and detachable shirt collars and cuffs. Linens are manufactured almost exclusively of fibers …

  • Organza

    Organza is a thin, plain weave, sheer fabric traditionally made from silk, the continuous filament of silk worms. Silk organza is used for bridal wear and evening wear. In the interiors market it is used for effects in bedrooms and between rooms as …

  • Sateen

    Sateen is a cotton fabric with a satin-like finish. Sateen may be bleached, dyed, or printed. Sateen produces the sheen and softer feel through the use of a different structure in the weaving process. The sateen structure is four over, one under, …

  • Satin

    Satin is a cloth that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. It is a warp-dominated weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. If a fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk the …

  • Serge

    Serge is a type of twill fabric that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down weave. The worsted variety is used in making military uniforms, great coats, and trench coats. Its counterpart, silk serge, is used for linings.

  • Stuff

    Stuff is a type of coarse thickly woven cloth. Originally it was entirely of wool, but later a woolsey-linsey cloth, made with a warp of linen yarn and a worsted weft.

  • Taffeta

    Taffeta, or taffety, is a crisp, smooth plain woven fabric made from silk. It is considered to be a "high end" fabric, suitable for use in ball gowns, wedding dresses, and in interiors for curtains or wall coverings. There are two distinct types of silk …

  • Tweed

    Tweed is a rough, unfinished woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture. It is made in either plain or twill weave and may have a check or herringbone pattern. Subdued, interesting color effects (heather mixtures) are obtained by twisting together …

  • Burlap

    Burlap or hessian cloth, is a coarse woven fabric usually made from jute or hemp and allied vegetable fibers. It is created with a plain weave. Burlap is often used to make sacks and bags to ship goods like coffee beans. It is breathable and thus …

  • Cotton

    This fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile, which is the most widely used cloth in clothing. Cotton fiber, once it has been processed to remove seeds (ginning) and traces of honeydew (a secretion from …

  • Wool

    Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, llamas and rabbits may also be called wool. Wool has two qualities that distinguish it from hair or fur: it has scales …

  • Barkcloth

    Barkcloth or bark cloth is a versatile material that is commonly made and used by catfolk. Barkcloth comes primarily from trees of the Moraceae family, most famously including the mulberry trees. Sodden strips of the fibrous inner bark of these trees into …

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